ASP.NET machineKey Generator

This is an application that will generate a valid machineKey block with random, secure, hard-coded keys that you can paste inside the <system.web> in your web.config or machine.config file.

Hard-coded encryption and validation keys are needed if you have a web farm/web garden, if you use passwordFormat=Encrypted with ASP.NET 2.0’s Membership provider, or if you have certain ViewState issues. I discuss those reasons more in-depth in my blog posts about “Invalid Viewstate” errors and the ASP.NET Membership Encrypted passwordFormat, or you can also read my machineKey CodeProject article for more background information.

Below is a random set of keys, generated by this page. Go ahead and refresh this page to get a new set of keys.

ASP.NET 1.1 machineKey

<machineKey validationKey="DA45377BA0726141F0348A7A71D9F1AC976C0C0C7A3D5828DD6A721C0CC2AF99549E76714ADEF5C538FDF314F5D3641C7CC4129D49C19CDB8B96D002E4899B40"
 decryptionKey="2B2A5B52298E243E85810F736A8E758F90E37DC3F1A1DAAE"
 validation="SHA1" />

ASP.NET 2.0 machineKey

<machineKey validationKey="D45DA96057EA80B1AF3092A2D68E9C8652DEF9EA6D111B29F1E80A6DD19BD078DE3AFC5DF6F41C618A8FFD642253665AAEF37230DC40785569552F2E9690F121"
 decryptionKey="C1ADAB4AC2D5A8DD8D1CD323C984E5EA93F53CCDE11EC7F466352643DA24F384"
 validation="SHA1" decryption="AES" />

If you want, you can also use the code below so you can generate the keys yourself:

using System;
using System.Text;
using System.Security;
using System.Security.Cryptography;

private void Button1_Click(object sender, System.EventArgs e)
{
	txtASPNET20.Text = getASPNET20machinekey();
	txtASPNET11.Text = getASPNET11machinekey();
}

public string getASPNET20machinekey()
{
	StringBuilder aspnet20machinekey = new StringBuilder();
	string key64byte = getRandomKey(64);
	string key32byte = getRandomKey(32);
	aspnet20machinekey.Append("\n");
	return aspnet20machinekey.ToString();
}

public string getASPNET11machinekey()
{
	StringBuilder aspnet11machinekey = new StringBuilder();
	string key64byte = getRandomKey(64);
	string key24byte = getRandomKey(24);

	aspnet11machinekey.Append("\n");
	return aspnet11machinekey.ToString();
}

public string getRandomKey(int bytelength)
{
	int len = bytelength * 2;
	byte[] buff = new byte[len / 2];
	RNGCryptoServiceProvider rng = new RNGCryptoServiceProvider();
	rng.GetBytes(buff);
	StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(len);
	for (int i = 0; i < buff.Length; i++)
		sb.Append(string.Format("{0:X2}", buff[i]));
	return sb.ToString();
}